The French term "valise" dates back to the 1600's and refers to a travelling back or soldier's kit. The Louis Vuitton, designer luggage, first appeared in 1854.
Carpet bags, made of patches of oriental carpet, were used by Southerners after the American Civil War, hence the term carpetbagger.
In 1870, steamer trunks were first used by passengers making trans-Atlantic passage. Dr. Barnardo issued a trunk to each of the British Home Children in his care who immigrated to Canada.
The hat box suitcase was popular when women wore hats.
In 1910, the Samsonite suitcase first appeared, known for its strong exterior after Samson in the Bible.
The duffel bag, named after the town where the material came from, Duffel, Belgium, was first used by ex-Navy personnel in the 1940's and 1950's.
In 1972, the patent for wheeled luggage was filed, a phenomenon that is in widespread use today.